GORAKH NATH गोरखनाथ
CONCEPTS & EXTRACTS IN HINDUISM By :: Pt. Santosh Bhardwaj
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Gorakh Nath was one of the disciples of Matsyendr Nath. His followers are found in India’s Western UP, central states and the Gangetic plains as well as in Nepal. These followers are titled Yogis, Gorakh Nathi, Darshani or Kan Fata-(कनफटा, whose ears have been teared).
He had attained high levels in Yog, asceticism and meditation. He emphasised that the search for Truth and spiritual life is valuable for a common man. He preached Yog, spiritual discipline and an ethical life of self determination as a means of attaining staunch meditation-Samadhi.
His followers turned into ascetic warriors after 13th century and vehemently resisted the colonial rule of the British and the Muslims. After independence they worked against ruling congress party and only recently they got some success when the Matha Dheesh Adity Nath become the chief minister of UP. Though they preach asceticism, yet they live like common men aspiring for power, comforts and luxuries. movement since the 14th-century,to militarily resist persecution against the Islamic and British colonial rule, developing martial arts and targeted response against high officials.
He championed Shaevism and Yog. He led a life as a passionate exponent of ideas of Kumaril and Adi Shankar who championed Yog and Advaet Vedant interpretation of the Upnishads. He found no difference between dualistic and non-dualistic approach to the Almighty. Both paths leads to the Almighty.
The Yogi-one who wish to assimilate in the God, may adopt any spiritual discipline and practice since by either path leads to perfectly illumined Samadhi state of the individual phenomenal consciousness.
The tradition exited much before Adi Nath. Gorakh Nath succeeded Matsyendr Nath, who had succeeded Adi Nath. He travelled Nepal, Punjab, Sindh, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Assam, Bengal, Odisha, Kathiawar-Gujarat, Maharashtra, Karnataka, and Shri Lanka. Nath tradition gained momentum under him. He wrote numerous essays over the tradition. Lay Yog is one of them. Several caves over which temples were constructed and devoted-dedicated to Bhagwan Shiv due to his efforts.The Samadhi shrine (grave-tomb) of Gorakh Nath is present at Nath Mandir near the Vajreshwari temple about one kilometre from Ganesh Puri in Maharashtr, India. Both Gorakh Nath and Matsyendr Nath did penance in Kadri Temple at Mangalore, Karnatak. They were instrumental in laying Shiv Ling at Kadri and Dharm Sthal.
A temple dedicated to Gorakh Nath is situated over the hill called Garbh Giri near Vambori, Tal Rahuri; Dist Ahmad Nagar. There is a famous temple of Gorakh Nath in the state of Odisha. Another temple is present at Peshawar in Afghanistan.
The Gorakh Nath Math is a monastery of the Nath monastic group named after him. The Math and town of Gorakh Pur in Uttar Pradesh are named after him. The monastery and the temple performs various cultural and social activities and serves as the cultural hub of the city. The monastery also publishes texts on the philosophy of Gorakh Nath. Its impossible to have a boarder line between any two practices of Hinduism, since all have the common origin-Veds. Whatever path one may follow, it will lead to the same Almighty. There is no controversy about it.
Hath Yog and Nath Yogis are inter linked. Hath Yog is associated with the Dash Nami Sampraday of Advaet Vedant, Dattatrey and the Ram Nandi.
The Gurkhas of Nepal and India take their name from Gorakh Nath. He had long been considered the Rastr Devta-deity of the state of Nepal, with his name appearing on numerous versions of Nepalese coins and currency notes. Gorkha, is a district of Nepal, named after him. It has a cave with his Paduka-footprints and an idol. On the day of Baesakh Purnima a great celebration takes place in Gorkha at his cave, called Rot Mahotsav; every year for the last 700 years.
When he visited Nepal he meditated unmoved-still over a little hill near Deo Patan for twelve years. The temple in his honor there and it has since been remembered with honour and grace.
Adi Nath discharged his sperms over a Peepal leaf at the seashore which were swallowed by a fish. The fish yielded a boy who was named Matsyendr Nath by Bhagwan Shiv. Bhagwan Shiv imparted him with the knowledge of Yog. He used to beg for his meals only once and then retired to forests for meditation and practice of Yog. Matsyendr Nath was such a Siddh Yogi who is worshipped in Nepal as a deity-demigod. A Siddh is a person who awakes his Kundilini-secret powers available in the body of humans and use them for human welfare. He may do certain things which are uncommon and looks like miracle to the masses. One may be blessed with the knowledge of his previous lives as well. He may peep into future as well by activating his Yogic powers and is often called Trikal Darshi. These powers are made available to Yogis and those who pray to Almighty for these powers.
During the course of begging for alms,
One day as usual he went to a house and asked for alms Matsyendr Nath confronted a woman who asked him for a son. Matsyendr Nath gave her holy-sacred-enchanted ashes, which the lady through over the heap of garbage, suspecting him to be a cheat. After 12 long years Matsyendr Nath went to that woman again and asked about the boy. The lady told him the whole story and showed him the heap where the ashes were thrown. Matsyendr Nath reached the spot and said, “Come here my son” and a 12 year old boy came out of the heap. The boy was named Gorakh Nath by him and he took away the boy with him.
Go is the short form of Gau-cow. Gau was the shape acquired by Mother earth when she went to Bhagwan Shri Hari to remove her burden. Raksha means protection. Thus, Gorakh meant the infant protected by mother earth. He was brought up by Matsyendr Nath and then he became his successor.
While begging for alms, one day, Gorakh Nath got delicious food which he offered to the Guru. The Guru asked him to go again to the same house against his own rule. Gorakh Nath requested the lady for the meals. The woman replied that that the food was a part of the feast and it was not possible to cook it again. Gorakh Nath said that he had made the requested on the order of his Guru. The lady questioned that was if he so sincere that he could do any thing for the sake of his Guru. Gorakh said, “Yes” and the woman immediately asked him to give his one eye. Gorakh did not wait and immediately tried to pull his eye ball. The woman screamed and stopped him at once.. She cooked the meals and delivered to Matsyendr Nath. Matsyendr Nath was pleased and said that Gorakh has qualified in the test.
Matsyendr Nath was pleased with Gorakh and imparted him with the secrets of Yog he had acquired from Bhagwan Shiv. In due course of time Gorakh Nath attained enlightenment and him self became a Siddh Yogi.
Puran Bhagat and his half-brother Rasalu were born in Punjab. Puran, the elder, was betrayed by Rasalu’s mother and was cast into a dry well to die. His hands and feet were chopped off before throwing into the well. He was rescued and healed by Gorakh Nath. Puran became a Yogi and a staunch follower of Gorakh Nath. Rasalu too became a Gorakh Nathi and an ardent disciple of the great Yogi.